Department Minors

A minor is a great addition to your Concord University education. The Division of Social Sciences offers both a major and minor in Geography, Political Science and Psychology.

A minor but no major is available in Appalachian Studies, International Studies, and Neuroscience.

Learn about these minors and their degree requirements below. The faculty and staff are happy to answer any questions you may have.

 

Appalachian Studies Minor


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Appalachian Studies at Concord University is an interdisciplinary program under the direction of the Geography staff. It is designed to provide students with an understanding of the physical and cultural characteristics of the historical and contemporary region. Although the courses are offered primarily as a means by which students may enrich their educational experiences, students may also minor in Appalachian Studies. The courses in the program will be supplemented by learning opportunities outside the classroom, including lectures, exhibits, and field trips.

Appalachian Studies Minor Requirements

21 Credit Hours

  • APST 101 Introduction to Appalachian Studies (3) 
  • HIST 307 West Virginia History, Geography, and Government (3) ​
  • GEOG 250 Regional Studies (Geography of Appalachia) (3) 
  • SOC 201 Social Problems (3) 
  • Nice (9) credit hours of Appalachian Studies courses

Note: Appalachian Biogeography may be substituted for any one of the above courses.

 

Geography Minor


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The objective of the geography program is to provide an understanding of the interrelationships between people and their cultural and physical environments. Factual information is combined with geographic theories to identify, through critical thinking, the spatial relationships found on the Earth's surface. Attention is also given to the geographic tools and techniques used to analyze the natural and human patterns found on the Earth's surface. Students seeking either a Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Science degree in another discipline may pursue a minor in geography.

Geography Minor Requirements

15 Credit Hours

  • GEOG 101 Human Geography (3)
  • GEOG 200 Physical Geography (3)
  • Nine (9) credit hours of geography electives with consultation from student's adviser

 

International Studies Minor


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The Minor in International Studies is an interdisciplinary program that will help prepare students for the challenges of the global future by giving them greater knowledge of the diverse social, cultural, political and economic issues affecting our increasingly interdependent world.

International Studies Minor Requirements

18 Credit Hours

  • POSC 456 International Studies Capstone (3) 

Fifteen (15) credit hours may be selected from the following courses:

Note: No more than nine (9) credit hours counting toward the minor may come from any one discipline. At least twelve (12) credit hours must come from courses at the 300-level or above.

  • ART 101 Introduction to Visual Arts (3) 
  • ART 221 Art History I (3) 
  • BGEN 440 International Business (3) 
  • COMM 304 Intercultural Communication (3) 
  • ENGL 203 World Literature I (3) 
  • ENGL 204 World Literature II (3) 
  • ENGL 324 Survey of British Literature I, From Anglo-Saxon to Restoration (3) 
  • ENGL 325 Survey of British Literature II, From Restoration through Romantic (3) 
  • ENGL 326 Survey of British Literature III, From Victorian to Present (3) 
  • FIN 436 International Financial Management (3) 
  • GEOG 101 Human Geography (3) 
  • GEOG 200 Physical Geography (3) 
  • GEOG 250 Regional Studies (3) 
  • GEOG 300 Sustainable Development (3) 
  • GEOG 320 Geopolitics (3) 
  • GEOG 321 Advanced Cultural Geography (3) 
  • GEOG 410 Urban Geography (3) 
  • GEOG 420 Transnational Migration (3) 
  • HIST 101 History of Civilization (3) 
  • HIST 102 History of Civilization (3) 
  • HIST 201 History of Europe (3) 
  • HIST 303 The Middle Ages (3) 
  • HIST 314 History of England (3) 
  • HIST 316 History of the Russias (3) 
  • HIST 318 Contemporary World History (3) 
  • HIST 322 The Enlightenment and Revolution (3) 
  • HIST 331 Asian Philosophy (3) 
  • HIST 335 Ancient East Asia (3) 
  • HIST 350 Renaissance, Reformation, and the Modern State (3) 
  • HIST 375 History of World Religions (3) 
  • HIST 412 Slavery in the Atlantic World (3) 
  • HIST 415 European Social History, 1400-1900 (3) 
  • HIST 418 Modern East Asia (3) 
  • MKT 412 International Marketing (3) 
  • MUS 101A Introduction to Music (3) 
  • PHIL 101 History of Philosophy I (3) 
  • PHIL 102 History of Philosophy II (3) 
  • PHIL 320 History and Philosophy of Science (3) 
  • PHIL 322 The Enlightenment and Revolution (3) 
  • PHIL 331 Asian Philosophy (3) 
  • PHIL 375 History of World Religions (3) 
  • PHIL 390 Feminism and Gender in Modern History (3) 
  • POSC 101 Introduction to Political Science (3) 
  • POSC 225 Special Topics in Political Science (1-3) 
  • POSC 303 International Relations (3) 
  • POSC 304 Comparative Government (3) 
  • POSC 320 Geopolitics (3) 
  • POSC 330 The Politics of the Middle East (3) 
  • POSC 340 Modern Political Ideologies (3) 
  • POSC 405 Political Theory I (3) 
  • POSC 406 Political Theory II (3) 
  • PSY 410 Cultural Psychology (3) 
  • RTM 346 Cultural Tourism (3) 
  • SOC 310 Cultural Anthropology (3) 
  • SOWK 302 Human Diversity (3) 
  • SOWK 350 Special Topics in Social Work (Topic: International Social Justice) (1-3)
  • SPAN 260 Culture and Civilization of the Hispanic World (3) 
  • SPAN 305 Introduction to Literature in Spanish (3) 
  • SPAN 310 Culture and Civilization of the Hispanic World (3) 
  • SPAN 321 Early Hispanic Literature and Culture (3) 
  • SPAN 331 Modern Hispanic Literature and Culture (3) 
  • SPAN 341 Hispanic Cultural Production of the XX and XXI Centuries (3) 
  • THEA 102A Introduction to the Theatre (3) 
  • WGST 285 Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies (3) 

Note: Other courses may be included with approval of the advisor.

 

Neuroscience Minor


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A neuroscience minor is geared towards students who wish to either enter the field of neuroscience after completion of a degree at Concord, or wish to pursue graduate study in the field. The minor will assist students in developing fundamental knowledge needed to pursue opportunities in this growing area.

Neuroscience Minor Requirements

17 Credit Hours with a minimum 2.00 GPA

  • BIOL 101 General Biology I (4) 
  • PSY 370 Physiological Psychology (with lab) (4) 
  • PSY 432 Fundamentals of Neuroscience (3) 

Choose six (6) credit hours from the following:

  • BIOL 215 Medicinal Plants and Ethnobotany (4) 
  • BIOL 401 Genetics (4) 
  • BIOL 302 Cell and Molecular Biology (4) OR CHEM 302 Cell and Molecular Biology (4) 
  • CHEM 341 Biochemistry I (3) 
  • PSY 365 Sensation and Perception (3) 
  • PSY 402 Animal Behavior (3) 
  • PSY 412 Cognitive Psychology (3) 
  • PSY 429 Psychopharmacology (3) 
  • Other courses may be included with the approval of the advisor

Note:  Only two (2) courses may also count toward credit in a Psychology major.

 

Political Science Minor


Courses in Political Science are designed to stimulate in students a greater awareness and understanding of political institutions, processes, relationships, and their underlying principles. One goal of these courses is to generate the requisite interest and skilled civic participation that are so crucial to the maintenance of a just, responsible and democratic society. In addition, the program is designed to prepare students for graduate study and law school. Students seeking either a Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Science degree in another discipline may pursue a minor in political science.

Political Science Minor Requirements

15 Credit Hours

  • POSC 101 Introduction to Political Science (3) 
  • Twelve (12) credit hours of Political Science electives

 

Psychology Minor


The general objective of the psychology program is to prepare students for professional training in the field of psychology by providing an overview of the essential methods and findings of experimental, clinical, and theoretical psychology. The primary theoretical orientation of the program is behavioral although the students will be exposed to multiple theoretical orientations. The scientist-practitioner model is emphasized in applied courses. Opportunities are provided for both human and non-human experimental research through environmental manipulation. Students seeking either a Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Science degree in another discipline may pursue a minor in psychology.

Psychology Minor Requirements

15 Credit Hours

  • PSY 101 General Psychology (3) 
  • PSY 215 Experimental Psychology (3) 
  • Nine (9) credit hours of psychology electives (see below)

Note: Psychology minors may select only 3 credit hours of electives from Group I.

Group I

  • PSY 203 Human Sexuality (3) 
  • PSY 205 Child and Adolescent Development (3) 
  • PSY 228 Survey of Drug Use and Abuse (3) 
  • PSY 229 Health Psychology (3) 
  • PSY 240 Industrial/Organizational Psychology (3)

Group II

  • PSY 200 Basic Learning (3) 
  • PSY 270 Psychology Research (1) 
  • PSY 322 Personality (3) 
  • PSY 330 Evolutionary Psychology (3) 
  • PSY 350 Special Topics in Psychology (1-3) 
  • PSY 365 Sensation and Perception (3) 
  • PSY 402 Animal Behavior (3) 
  • PSY 407 Introduction to Counseling Techniques (3) 
  • PSY 422 Abnormal Psychology (3) 
  • PSY 430 Behavior Disorders of Childhood (3) 
  • PSY 450 Seminar in Contemporary Psychology (1-3) 
  • PSY 470 Independent Study (1-6) 
  • PSY 471 Independent Study (1-6)

Group III

  • PSY 415 Advanced Experimental Psychology (3) 
  • PSY 420 Psychological Testing (3) 
  • PSY 455 Psychology Practicum (3-15)