Program Assessment Information

Program Assessment Information

All Council on Social Work Education accredited programs measure and report student learning outcomes. Students are assessed on their mastery of the competencies that comprise the accreditation standards of the CSWE. These competencies are dimensions of social work practice that all social workers are expected to master during their professional training. A measurement benchmark is set by the social work programs for each competency. An assessment score at or above that benchmark is considered by the program to represent mastery of that particular competency.

 

Bachelor of Social Work Program
Assessment of Student Learning Outcomes


Last Completed On 11/01/2017

This form is used to assist the COA in the evaluation of the program's compliance with the accreditation standards below:
4.0.2 The program provides summary data and outcomes for the assessment of each of its competencies, identifying the percentage of students achieving the benchmark. 
4.0.4 The program uses Form AS 4 (B) and/or AS4 (M) to report assessment outcomes to its constituents and the public on its website and routinely up-dates (minimally every 2 years) these posting.

All Council on Social Work Education programs measure and report student learning outcomes. Students are assessed on their mastery of the competencies that comprise the accreditation standards of the Council on Social Work Education. These competencies are dimensions of social work practice that all social workers are expected to master during their professional training. A measurement benchmark is set by the social work programs for each competency. An assessment score at or above that benchmark is considered by the program to represent mastery of the particular competency. 

COMPETENCY COMPETENCY BENCHMARK

PERCENTAGE OF STUDENTS
ACHIEVING 
BENCHMARK

Competency 1: Demonstrate Ethical and Professional Behavior


FPPAI = 3.0
FCAI = 50%
Competency Thesis = 85%

100%
100%
100%

Competency 2: Engage Diversity and Difference in Practice FPPAI = 3.0
FCAI = 50%
Competency Thesis = 85%

100%
100%
100%

Competency 3: Advanced Human Rights and Social, Economic, and Environmental Justice FPPAI = 3.0
FCAI = 50%
Competency Thesis = 85%

100%
100%
100%

Competency 4: Engage In Practice-informed Research and Research-informed Practice FPPAI = 3.0
FCAI = 50%
Competency Thesis = 85%

100%
100%
100%

Competency 5: Engage in Policy Practice FPPAI = 3.0
FCAI = 50%
Competency Thesis = 85%

100%
100%
100%

Competency 6: Engage with Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities FPPAI = 3.0
FCAI = 50%
Competency Thesis = 85%

100%
100%
100%

Competency 7: Assess Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities FPPAI = 3.0
FCAI = 50%
Competency Thesis = 85%

100%
100%
100%

Competency 8: Intervene with Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities FPPAI = 3.0
FCAI = 50%
Competency Thesis = 85%

100%
100%
100%

Competency 9: Evaluate Practice with Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities FPPAI = 3.0
FCAI = 50%
Competency Thesis = 85%

100%
100%
100%

 



Download the Overall Assessment Chart from 2012-2013 below to learn more about the Assessment of the Bachelor of Social Work program at Concord University.

               2012-   2013 Overall Assessment Chart (PDF)

 

Master of Social Work Program
Assessment of Student Learning Outcomes


This form is used to assist the CSWE's Commission on Accreditation in the evaluation of Concord University's MSW program's compliance with the accreditation standards. The summary data provides outcomes for the assessment of each of its competencies, identifying the percentage of students achieving the benchmark. As shown in the data below, students in our MSW program will receive a quality education that meets the CSWE stringent requirements.


Advanced Standing Assessments in the Final Year

CORE COMPETENCY COMPETENCY COMPETENCY BENCHMARK

PERCENTAGE OF STUDENT
ACHIEVING BENCHMARK

Competency 1: Demonstrate Ethical and Professional Behavior

A1. Demonstrate and preserve professional roles and boundaries in rural settings. 

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.18
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 4.0
Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
A2. Understand the perspectives and values of social work in relation to working effectively with the other disciplines in rural practice.

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.18
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.95

Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
A3. Apply ethical decision making skills in rural settings with special focus on dual relationships and access to services. 

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.18
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 4.0

Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
A4. Apply ethical decision making skills to address the use of technology in rural settings.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.24
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 4.0
Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
Competency 1 Mean/Percentage

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.19
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.99

Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
Competency 2: Engage Diversity and Difference in Practice A5. Recognize and understand the experience of isolation of minority groups in rural settings.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.35
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.9
Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
A6. Engage in self-reflection about and address personal biases and values as they relate to rural populations and settings.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.29
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.9
Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%

Competency 2 Mean/Percentage

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.32
Capstone:
Goal = 3 Program = 3.9
Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
Competency 3: Advanced Human Rights and Social, Economic, and Environmental Justice A7. Understand, analyze, and implement strategies to address forms of rural oppression. Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.29
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.9
Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
A8. Advocate for human rights, and social, environmental and economic justice in rural settings (such as poverty, health care, education, and the rights of local populations including minorities).

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.31
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.93

Student Evaluations:
93.75%
Capstone:
100%
Competency 3 Mean/Percentage Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.32
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.91
Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
Competency 4: Engage In Practice-informed Research and Research-informed Practice A9. Identify, evaluate, and select rural practice strategies.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.47
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.83
Student Evaluations:
78.57%
Capstone:
97.56%

A10. Promote and participate in the use of research to improve the effectiveness of rural practice.

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.5
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.83

Student Evaluations:
80%
Capstone:
97.56%
Competency 4 Mean/Percentage Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.47
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.83
Student Evaluations:
80%
Capstone:
97.56%
Competency 5: Engage in Policy Practice A11. Analyze, formulate, and advocate for policies that enhance social well-being, service delivery, and access in rural settings.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.44
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.85
Student Evaluations:
93.75%
Capstone:
100%
A12. Communicate and collaborate with stakeholders and professionals the implications of policy and policy changes in rural practice.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.59
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.93
Student Evaluations:
82.35%
Capstone:
100%
A13. Apply knowledge of strengths and issues of rural settings and populations to social work policy practice.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.29
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.88
Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
Competency 5 Mean/Percentage Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.45
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.89
Student Evaluations:
90.07%
Capstone:
100%
Competency 6: Engage with Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities A14. Apply theories of human behavior and the social environment to rural practice. Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.24
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.80
Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
A15. Explain the stigma, risk, and benefits to clients of seeking or not seeking services in a rural setting.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.35
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.95
Student Evaluations:
93.75%
Capstone:
100%
A16. Establish a culturally responsive therapeutic relationship that addresses unique issues associated with rural practice.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.24
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.93
Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
A17. Coordinate formal and informal networks to promote sustained client well-being in rural communities.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.29
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.95
Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
A18. Apply knowledge of practice within the rural context for the development of service systems.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.31
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.98
Student Evaluations:
93.75%
Capstone:
100%
Competency 6 Mean/Percentage Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program 1.28
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program 3.92
Student Evaluations:
93.97%
Capstone:
100%
Competency 7: Assess Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities A19. Use multidimensional, bio-psychosocial, spiritual, and community assessment tools in a rural practice environment.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.24
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.93
Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
A20. Use empathy, cultural responsiveness, geographical awareness and other interpersonal skills to complete assessment. Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.24
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.93
Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
Competency 7 Mean/Percentage Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.24
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.93
Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
Competency 8: Intervene with Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities A21. Understand and utilize the uniqueness of rural environments and its resultant effect of rural behavior.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.41
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.95
Student Evaluations:
87.50%
Capstone:
100%
A22. Critically evaluate, select, and apply best practices and evidence based interventions in rural settings. Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.29
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.93
Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
A23. Develop and implement collaborative multidisciplinary strategies for rural practice.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.29
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.95
Student Evaluations:
88.24%
Capstone:
100%
Competency 8 Mean/Percentage Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.33
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.94
Student Evaluations:
89.95%
Capstone:
100%
Competency 9: Evaluate Practice with Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities A24. Evaluate the process and outcomes of rural practice to contribute to the development of best practice interventions for rural practice.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.35
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.83
Student Evaluations:
94.12%
Capstone:
100%
A25. Contribute to the knowledge base of the social work profession through rural practice based research. Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.31
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program 3.88
Student Evaluations:
86.67%
Capstone:
100%
Competency 9 Mean/Percentage Student Evaluations:
Goal = 2   Program = 1.35
Capstone:
Goal = 3   Program = 3.85
Student Evaluations:
90.39%
Capstone:
100%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foundation Program Assessments in the First Year (Midpoint)

 

Core Competency Foundation Behaviors Foundation Competency Benchmark Mean Percentage of Students Achieving Benchmark
Competency 1: Demonstrate Ethical and Professional Behavior

F1. Make ethical decisions by applying the standards of the NASW Code of Ethics, relevant laws and regulations, models for ethical decision-making, ethical conduct of research, and additional codes of ethics as appropriate to context.

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.59
Competency Thesis:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.49

Student Evaluations:
90.91%
Competency Thesis:
100%

F2. Use reflection and self-regulation to manage personal values and maintain professionalism in practice situations. 

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.59
Competency Thesis:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.49

Student Evaluations:
90.91%
Competency Thesis:
100%

F3. Demonstrate professional demeanor in behavior; appearance; and oral, written, and electronic communication.

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.59
Competency Thesis:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.49

Student Evaluations:
90.91%
Competency Thesis:
100%

F4. Use technology ethically and appropriately to facilitate practice outcomes. 

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.59
Competency Thesis:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.49

Student Evaluations:
90.91%
Competency Thesis:
100%

F5. Use supervision and consultation to guide professional judgment and behavior. 

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.59
Competency Thesis:
Goal =3   Program = 1.49

Student Evaluations:
90.91%
Competency Thesis:
100%

Competency 1 Mean/Percentage

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program =1.59
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.49

Student Evaluations:
90.91%
Competency Thesis:
100​​​​​​​%
Competency 2: Engage Diversity and Difference in Practice

F6. Apply and communicate understanding of the importance of diversity and difference in shaping life experiences in practice at the micro, mezzo, and macro levels

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.64
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.56

Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
100​​​​​​​%

F7. Present themselves as learners and engage clients and constituencies as experts of their own experiences.

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.55
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal =3   Program = 1.56

Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
100​​​​​​​%

F8. Apply self-awareness and self-regulation to manage the influence of personal biases and values in working with diverse clients and constituencies. 

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.64
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.56

Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
100​​​​​​​%
Competency 2 Mean/Percentage Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.61
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.56
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
100​​​​​​​%
Competency 3: Advanced Human Rights and Social, Economic, and Environmental Justice

F9. Apply their understanding of social, economic, and environmental justice to advocate for human rights at the individual and systems levels. 

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.67
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.60

Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
100​​​​​​​%

F10. Engage in practices that advance social, economic, and environmental justice.

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.78
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.60

Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
100​​​​​​​%

Competency 3 Mean/Percentage

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.78
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.60

Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​100%
Competency 4: Engage In Practice-informed Research and Research-informed Practice

F11. Use practice experience and theory to inform scientific inquiry and research.

Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 2.0
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.73

Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
96.67​​​​​​​%
F12. Apply critical thinking to engage in analysis of quantitative and qualitative research methods and research findings.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 2.0
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.73
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
96.67​​​​​​​%
F13. Use and translate research evidence to inform and improve practice, policy, and service delivery. Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.86
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.73
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​96.67%
Competency 4 Mean/Percentage Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.96
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.73
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
96.67​​​​​​​%
Competency 5: Engage in Policy Practice F14. Identify social policy at the local, state, and federal level that impacts well-being, service delivery, and access to social services. Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.64
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.70
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​96.67%
F15. Assess how social welfare and economic policies impact the delivery of and access to social services. Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.55
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.70
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​96.67%
F16. Apply critical thinking to analyze, formulate, and advocate for policies that advance human rights and social, economic, and environmental justice.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.60
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.70
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​96.67%
Competency 5 Mean/Percentage Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.64
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.71
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
96.67​​​​​​​%
Competency 6: Engage with Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities F17. Apply knowledge of human behavior and the social environment, person-in-environment, and other multidisciplinary theoretical frameworks to engage with clients and constituencies. Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.64
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.54
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
99.33​​​​​​​%
A18. Use empathy, reflection, and interpersonal skills to effectively engage diverse clients and constituencies.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.55
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.54
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​99.33%
Competency 6 Mean/Percentage Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.59
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.54
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
99.33​​​​​​​%
Competency 7: Assess Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities F19. Collect and organize data, and apply critical thinking to interpret information from clients and constituencies.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.60
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.65
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
98.89​​​​​​​%
F20. Apply knowledge of human behavior and the social environment, person-in-environment, and other multidisciplinary theoretical frameworks in the analysis of assessment data from clients and constituencies.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.73
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.65
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​98.89%
F21. Develop mutually agreed-on intervention goals and objectives based on the critical assessment of strengths, needs, and challenges within clients and constituencies.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.44
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.65
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
98.89​​​​​​​%
F22. Select appropriate intervention strategies based on the assessment, research knowledge, and values and preferences of clients and constituencies.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.60
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal =  3   Program = 1.65
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​98.89%
Competency 7 Mean/Percentage Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program =
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.65
Student Evaluations:
%
Competency Thesis:
98.89​​​​​​​%
Competency 8: Intervene with Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities F23. Critically choose and implement interventions to achieve practice goals and enhance capacities of clients and constituencies.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.80
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.54
Student Evaluations:
90.0%
Competency Thesis:
99.52​​​​​​​%
F24. Apply knowledge of human behavior and the social environment, person-in-environment, and other multidisciplinary theoretical frameworks in interventions with clients and constituencies.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.82
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.54
Student Evaluations:
90.91%
Competency Thesis:
99.52​​​​​​​%
F25. Use inter-professional collaboration as appropriate to achieve beneficial practice outcomes.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.45
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program =1.54
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
99.52​​​​​​​%
F26. Negotiate, mediate, and advocate with and on behalf of diverse clients and constituencies.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.6
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.54
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​99.52%
F27. Facilitate effective transitions and endings that advance mutually agreed-on goals. Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.44
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.54
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​99.52%
Competency 8 Mean/Percentage Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.74
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.54
Student Evaluations:
96.18%
Competency Thesis:
99.52​​​​​​​%
Competency 9: Evaluate Practice with Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities F28. Select and use appropriate methods for evaluation of outcomes.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.63
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.57
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​99.17%
F29. Apply knowledge of human behavior and the social environment, person-in-environment, and other multidisciplinary theoretical frameworks in the evaluation of outcomes. Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.38
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.57
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​99.17%
F30. Critically analyze, monitor, and evaluate intervention and program processes and outcomes.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.63
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.57

Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​99.17%

F31. Apply evaluation findings to improve practice effectiveness at the micro, mezzo, and macro levels.  Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.75
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.57
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​99.17%
Competency 9 Mean/Percentage Student Evaluations:
Goal = 3   Program = 1.59
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​Goal = 3   Program = 1.57
Student Evaluations:
100%
Competency Thesis:
​​​​​​​99.17%