Raymond “Ray” Smith grew up in North Carolina and has lived in many different states since he completed high school. In 2011, He returned to higher education where received his Bachelor of Social Work degree from North Carolina A&T State University. After which, he attended the University of South Carolina where he earned his master’s degrees in Social Work and criminal justice, while also earning a post-baccalaureate certificate in quantitative methods. In April 2021, Ray defended his dissertation “Patterned Adolescent Socially Deviant Behavior,” also at the University of South Carolina, to complete his Ph.D. Additionally, Ray has experience in grant management, criminal justice, program evaluation and case management.
2021 Doctor of Philosophy, Social Work, University of South Carolina
2020 Master of Arts, Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of South Carolina
2019 Graduate Certificate of Applied Statistics, Quantitative Research, University of South Carolina
2016 Master of Social Work, University of South Carolina
2015 Bachelor of Social Work, North Carolina A&T State University
The investigation of social identity formation, social identity maintenance and the transition of social identities as it relates to persons involved within the criminal justice system. Specifically, the study of the socially deviant identity and its interaction with other internalized identities, for the explicit purpose of increasing pro-social function.